Badshah Aurangzeb Alamgir R.A. |History in hindi/urdu

Shahenshahe Hindustan Aurangzeb Alamgir rahmatullah alaih

Aurangzeb Alamgir rahmatullah alaih ka pura name Abul Muzaffer Muhiuddin Mohammed Aurangzeb Alamgir tha vo Mughal Sultanat ke chatte aur sabse taqatwar Badshah the. Unki paidaish 4november 1618 ko Dahod district,Gujrat,India me hui. Aurangzeb Alamgir R.A. Shahenshah Shahjahan aur Mumtaz Mahal ke 6th bachhe aur 3rd bete the.

Zindagi aur Haqiqat:

Aurangzeb Alamgir R.A. se mutalliq aaj galat tariq bayan ki jati hai k inhone taqt ke liye apne walid shahjahan ko khaid kar liya tha ye sararsar jhoot hai. Jo apne walid ke kahne par sirf 6mahino me hafize quran ban gaye the vo bhala kaise apne walid khaid kar sakte hain. 

Ye vo Badshah hain jinki tarif aaj angrez log b kiya karte hain. Iska zikr kayi jaded kitabon me maujud hai.(book: al-marfuz)Mughal Badshahon Me Aurangzeb Alamgir R.A. ek aise Badshah hain jinhone Quran pak ko hifz kiya tha aur Farsi mazmun navesi me naam paida kiya.

Itni badi hukumat ko sambhalne wale Badshah Aurangzeb Alamgir ne kabhi apne Baitul maal me se tanqwah nahi li. Unhone apna guzar basar topi sikr aur Quran sharif ko apne hathon se likh kr basar kiya. 

Jab silai ki gayi topi ko bechna hota to vo apne nukar ko bazar me bhejte the aur use hidayat karte ki kisi ko ye mat kahna ke ye topi mere hathon se bani hui hai. 

Kyu ke vo taqwa parhez the to vo darte the kahin mere naam ki vajah se topi bik jaye to allah mujhse naraz hojayega. Aurangzeb Alamgir ghudsawari aur  teerandazi me bahot mahir the.  

Aurangazeb Rahmatullah alaih vahi khana khate the jo unke mahel ke mulazameen khaya karte the. Ek dafa ek wazir ko khana pasand nahi aaya vo Alamgir Rahmatullah alaih ke pass aaya unse kaha aur ahtejaj kiya k mai ye khana nahi khaunga ye khana mere halaq se niche nahi utar raha hai. 

mai ye nahi khaunga to u nhone vo plate me se ek nivala khaya aur kaha ye aawam ke pass lejao aur bolo ye Aurangzeb Badshah ka khana hai to usne wahi kiya vo bazar me aaya aur logon ko bola ye Badshah ka jhoota khana hai to vo khane ki lakhon me boli lagi. Fir us wazir ko is khane ki khimat pata chali.

Aurangzeb Rahmatullah alaih ko hindu majhab ka dushman bataya jata hai balke waisa bilkul nahi tha unhone apne sultanat me har shaks ko barbari ka darja diya tha. Han ye baat zarror hai ke unhone sab par ek khanoon rakha tha jiska naam fatwaye aalamgiriya hai. 

Usme zaroor Ek khanoon ki baat ki gayi thi par usme kahin bhi kisi mazhab ke bare me nahi likha gaya tha agar kisi ko lagta hai k auranzeb ek Katter muslim Badshah the to Fatwaye aalimgirya padh kar shak ko dur kar sakta hai.

Fatwaye Aalamgirya:

Waise Aurangzeb Rahmatullah alaih the to Baber aur akber ki nasal se par inhone unko khwaneen ko manne se inkar kiya unhone apna khudka naya nizam tayyar kiya. Is khanoon ko banana ke liye unhone pure duniya se 500 ulma ko bulwaya. 

UNhone hukum diya ke pahle ke khanoon me bahot se galat chizen nafis thi to Hindustan ke khanoon ko naye sire se likhne ki bahot sakht zaroorat hai. Fir un ulmaon ne milkr Quran aur sunnat ki buniyad par naya Islamic qanoon Hindustan me nafiz kiya. Us khanoon ka name fatwaye Alamgiriya kaha jata hai.

Us khanoon ki madad se unhone firqa wariyat khatam kardi. Jo jis firqe ke hisab se chalta hai vo apne jagah kar le sirf shart ye thi ke us khanoon ko manna har kisi ke  liye lazim the. Unhone sharab par puri pabandi ladagi thi. 

Music sunna,gana,bajana ye sab chizon ko unhone khatam kardiya tha. Aur majhab ke liye b koi pabandi nahi thi jo jis majhab ko manta hai use usi tarah ki ibadat ya jo kuch bhi ho uski ijazat di gayi thi par khanoon fatwaye aalamgiriya ke har khanoon manna sabke liye lazmi tha.

Aurangzeb rahmatullah alaih ka Iman :

Unke daure huklumat me aurton par kabhi zulm nahi hua Aurangzeb Rahmatullah alaih Sunnat par chalne wale Badshah the. Ek dafa ek aurat jungi khaidi bana kar layi gayi to Aurangzeb Rahmatullah alaih ne apne nabi ki sunnat par amal karte hue kaha ki hamari jung unke mardon se hai aurton se nahi aur us khatun ko izzat ke sath ghar pahuchaya.

Aurangzeb Rahmatullah alaih kabhi bhi jung ke liye jate ya jung ki tayyari kiya karte to aap waliyon aur ulmaon se guftagu karte aur Waliyon ke mazar par jakr unke wasile se dua kiya karte the. Shayed yahi unki kamyabi ka raaz the. 

Kandan ki malumat :-

Zauja :- Dilras bano Begum, Nawab bai, Aurangabadi mahel

Aulad:- Sultan mohammed akber, Zaibunnisa, Mahrunnisa, Mohammed azam shah, zinatunnisa, Mughal mohammed sultan, Bahadur shah awwal, Zubdatunnisa, Mohammed kam baksh, badarunnisa.

Walid:- Shahbuddin shahjahan

Walda:- Arjumandbano begum (Mumtaz mahel)

Badshahat Se pahle ke karname:

8may 1633 ko Aurangzeb maut ke mu se nikal aaye unper ek jungle hath ne hamla kiya tha hathi unhe kuchalne wala hi tha ke unhone bhale se hathi ko mar dala. 

15dec 1634 me pahli bar unke hath me jung ki Kaman di gayi jisme unhe 10,000 ghode aur 4000 sipahi diye gaye jab inhe fauj ke sipah salar ke roop me aurchsa ke raja jujar singh ke khilaf Bundelkhand bheja gaya ye jung kamyab rahi aur jujar singh ko satta se hat aliya gaya. 

Aurangzeb Alamgir 1636 me daccan ke subhedar bane.Shahjahan ke jagirdaron ko Nizam shahi badhsha Murtuza Shah ne tabah kardiya tha ab vo Ahmednagar ka muhasra kiye hue tha. 

Shahjahan ne is mission ke liye Aurangzeb Alamgir ko bheja aur unhone 1636 me nizam shahi hukumat ko khatam kardiya. 1637 me ek choti Rajput riyasat banglana ko fatah kiya.

1645me unsee k glti hui jiski vajah se shahjahan ne unhe daccan ki subhedari se hata diya aur unko 7mahino tak darbar me aane poar pabandi lagayi gayi. Uske bad sipahsalar ke arzi par unhe Gujrat ka subhedar muntaqib kiya gaya.

Badshahat:

31 july 1658 ko Aurangzeb Rahmatullah alaih taqt nasheen hue. Sabse pahle inhone badsha ke samne jhukna aur unko sjda karne ki rivayat par pabandi lagadi aur islami tarike se salam karne ka rivaz nafis kiya. Inhone khane ki chizon par mahsul(tax) band kardiya.

Silslaye fatuhat:

1665 – Aasam, Koch bihar, Chittagong

1666 – shorish, Mathura, aligarh

1686- Bijapur

1687- Golkunda

Wafat:

3march 1707 ko Aurangzeb rahmatullah alaih Ahmednagar me bimar hue aur unka inteqal hogaya. Unhe unki wasiyat ke mutabiq Hazrat Khwaja Syed Shah Maqdoom bin Husain sirazi ki dargah, Khuldabad, Aurangabad me dafan kiya gaya. 


note:- Maine sirf kuch ahem waqiyat bayan kiye hain Aurangzeb rahmatullah alaih ki jitni tarif ki jaye aur kam hain aur unki tariq bayan k liye ek post zaroori nahi hai. Agar mujhse likhne me kuch glti hogayi ho to mai aapse maafi chahta hun.










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