Shahjahan | History In Hindi/Urdu

Mughal Badshah ShahJahan

Shahjahan,Shahjahan in Hindi,Shahjahan's Childrens,Wifes of Shahjahan,Mughal Sultanat
Mughal Badshah Shahabuddin Muhammad Khurram Shahjahan


Shahjahan ka Paidaishi Naam Shahabuddin Muhammad Khurram tha. Shahjahan Hindustan ke Mughal sultant ka 5wa Badshah tha. To aaj ki iss post me hum Shahjahan ke bare me baat karenge, Uski zindagi par tawajjo karte hue hum uski tariq aur Shaksiyat ke bare me aaj Tafsil me Malumat hasil karenge.

Shahjahan ki paidaish 5 january,1592 ko Mughal Sultant ke Lahore me hui (Jo aaj Pakistan me waqay hai). Uske walid ka naam Nooruddin Muhammed Salim Jahangir tha aur walida ka naam Jagat Gosain tha jise bilqis makani ka laqab hasil tha.

Iska naam Iske Dada Jalaluddin Muhammed Akber ne Khurram rakha tha. Ye Jahangir ka tisra beta tha. Shahjahan ke paidaish ke baad Akber se iski parwarish ke liye Ruqiya begum (Jo akber ki badi biwi thi use aulad nahi thi Iski khwahish puri karne ke liye akber ne ye hukum diya) ke pass bheja.

Shahjahan ki biwiyan (Wifes of Shahjahan)

  • Mumtaz Mahal
  • Kandhari Begum
  • Izza ulnissa Begum
  • Fatehpuri Mahal
  • Sirhindi Mahal

Aulad (Children’s of Shahjahan)

iske alawa 6 aur betiyan thi.

Ibtedai Zindagi:

Shahjahan ne Bahot kam Umri me taleem hasil karna shuru kar diya tha. Jab isne taleem hasil lkarna shuru kity jab iski umer 4saal 4mahine thi. Bachpan se hi ise Shayeri  aur mausiqi ka bahot shouk tha. Chauda Saal ki umer tak usnea chi taleem ke sath sath Ghud sawari aur teer andazi me maharat hasil ki.

Aap ne pichle post me padha ke Jahangir ka bada beta aur Shahjahan ka bade bhai ne Jahangir ke khilaf bagahawat kardi thi. Uski saza ke taur par Shahjahan ne uske aankhon me salakh dal kar uski aankhon ko halak kar diya.

Uske baad 1607 me Shahjahan ko Ujjain ki subhedari di gayi jiski vajah se hisara feroza ke ilaqe par ab Shahjahan ki hukumat hogayi.

Shahjahan,Wife of shahjahan,Mumtaz mahel,
Mumtaz Mahel              Shahjahan

Taqt nasheen aur kiye gaye kaam:

28 October, 1627 ko Nooruddin Jahangir ki wafat hui. Uss waqt Shahjahan junnair ke muqam par tha. Iske baad Abulhasan ne Khusru mirza ke bete ko taqt par bithaya jiska naam Dawar baksh tha. Ye dekh kar Sultanat ke dusre shahzade bhi uth khade hue WSultanat hasil karne ke liye. Aapsi jhagdon ke bich shahjahan 30 december 1627 ko Mughaliya Sultanat ka panchvan Badshah ban kar taqt nasheen hua.

Shahjahan Pahla aisa Badshah tha jisne apni hukmrani ka aadha hissa Sultanat aur taqt se dur rahkr jaddo jahed me guzar diya.

1628 me Usne jhajae singh ki baghawaton ko dabane ki garz se Gawaliar gaya. Waha Jhajar singh se sulah hui.

1632 me Daulatabad (near Aurangabad) ka Qila Fatah kiya jise aaj hum sab Deiogiri ka qila kahte hain.

1635 me bijapur ko fathah karke Apni sultanat me shamil kar liya.

1636 me Golconda (Hyderabad) ko apne Sultanat me shamil kar liya.

1636 me hi Ahmed Nagar ki Sultanat khatam hogayi thi. Fir Uske baad Shahjahan ke bete Shahzade Auranzeb ne Bijapur aur Golconda ke Qutub shahi Sultanat par dabao dalna shuru kardiya. Jiske baraks unke pass sirf do raste bache the ek to sulah ya fir dusra jung. 1636 me unse sulah kamyab hui jiski vajah se shah juahan ko Daccan me Sultanat phailane ka mauka mil gaya.

Iske baad bhi vo apna Jitna waqt hai baghawaton ko kuchalne aur safar karne me hi guzara karta. Jab tak vo sultan raha isi tarah se uske zindagi ka hisbe mamul raha.

Beton me Darar:

1638 me Mughal Sultanat ka darul hukumat Shahajanabad jo aaj Hindustan me purani delhi hai use banaya gaya. Is ka naam Shahjahan ke naam par rakha gaya tha kyu ke ye shaher ko Shahjahan ne hi aabad kiya tha. Delhi me usne apne liye ek azeemo shan taq banaya jise aaj taqte taush bhi kaha jata hai. Isne taqte taush ko apne mahel Lal khila me rakha.

Shahjahan ne apna wali ahed Apne badev aur chahite bete darulshiko ko banaya. Murad mirza ko Gujrat ka hakim ban diya, Aurangzeb Aalamgir ko Daccan ka aur Shah Shijah ko Bangal ka hakim banadiya.

Lekin Darul shikoh ek begairat insan tha vo mazhabi mamlat ko nahi samjh sakta tha. Vo tamam mazhab ko ek hi manta tha jiski vajah se darbar me usko bahot se log nahi mante the. Waisa dekha jaye to uske 3 bete aise hi the lekin Aurangzeb Rahmatullah alaih sirf Muslim aur Sunnate Nabvi ko manne wale shaks the.

Iss vajah se shazada darul shikoh ka aisa bartao unhe nagawara sabit hua Aur apne walid ke use wali ahed banana par Aurangzeb bahot gussa hue. Unhone apne bhai murad mirza ko lalach dekr apne sath kar liya. Isi tarah dono bhaiyyon ke fauj ne Chumble (Madhypradesh, Hindustan) ke muqam par Darulshikoh ki fauj ko dardnak shikast di. Is hamle ke baad darulshikoh lahor farar hogaya.

Shahjahan ko Taqt se hataya gaya:

Aurangzeb ne 31july 1658 ko Shahjahan ko taqt se hatane ke baad taqt nasheen hue. Aur Shahjahan ko unhone apne mahel aagra me nazar band karva diya. Lekin dil me bina shikwa rakhe unhone kafi zyada apne walid Shahjahan ki qidmat ke liye mulazim lagaye. Shahjahan ke digar do bete bhi Aurgzeb Ke haton khatal hogaye.

Shahjahan ab budha hochuka tha aur iske sath hi iske sochne ki taqat bhi kam hogayi jiski vajah se Aurangzeb Alamgir ne inhe Mahel me hi rahne ka hukum diya.

Wafat:

jan 1666 me Shahjahan ki tabiyat bahot nasaz hui. Iske ilaj ke liye Aurangzeb ne unan se tabib mangwaye lekin ilaj na ho ska. Is tarah 22jan 1666 ko Shahjahan ki wafat ho gayi. Ise Tajmahel me dafan karaya gaya.

Facts about Shahjahan:

  • Shahjahan Jahangir ka 3ra beta tha.
  • Shahjahan apne ek hi biwi se zyada mohabbat karta tha jiska naam Mumtaz Mahel tha.
  • Shahjahan ne Mumtaz mahel ke alawa kisi aur biwi se bachhe paida nahi kiye.
  • Shahjahan ko Mumtaz mahel se 14 bachhe the.
  • Mumtaz mahel ki wafat ki vajah 14ve bachhe ki paidaish hai.
  • Shahjahan ko uss waqt ka Engineer Badshah kahte hain jisne kayi imarata tameer karaye.

Tameerat (Constructions):

Tajmahal:

Tajmahal
Tajmahel

Tajmahel ek Sangemarmar se bani hui ajeemo shan manzil hai. Jise Shahjahan ne apni chahti biwi Mumtaz mahel ki yaad me banavaya tha. Ye aaj bhi Hindustan ke Utterpradesh ke AAgra me maujud hai. Iski tameer 1627me shuru hui aur taqriban 22 saal ke baad 1659 me iski tameer mukammal hui.

Delhi ka Lal qila:

Red fort,Lal qila,Delhi
Red Fort,Delhi,India

Shahjahan ke daur me delhi ka naam Shahjahanabad tha. Yaha qayam pazir hone ke baad 1639 me laal qila tameer karwana shuru kiya aur ye tameer 1638 tak chalti rahi.

Naulakha:

Nau lakha,Lahore
Nau lakha,Lahore

Naulakha Shahjahan ka tayyar kirda ek karma hai jo lahor ke qile k eek hisse me waqay hai. Tameer ka aagaz 1631 me hua aur mukammal 1633 me.

Lahor ki Moti Masjid:

Moti Masjid Lahore
Moti Masjid Lahore

Waise ye masji Jahangir ne banayi thi lekin Isko firse tameer Shahjahan ne karvaya. Jisne ise aalishan banaya isme moti aur sanhgemarmar se kam karaye.

Shalamar Gardens:

Shlimar Bagh,Shalamar Guarden,Lahore
Shalamar Guarden,Lahore

Shalimar Bagh Aaj lahor me maujud hai. Iski Tameer Shahjahan ne 1641-1642 me karai.

Delhi ki Jama Masjid:

Delhi Jama Masjid
Delhi Jama Masjid

Delhi ki Mashur Shahi Jama masjid ki Tameer bhi Shahjahan ne hi 1650-1656 ke bich me karvayi thi. Jo ke aaj Hindustan ke sabse badi masjidon me shumar hai.

Agar mere hath se kuch Spellin mistake ya dusri koi Galti hogayi hai to uske liye maaf chahta hun,. Aur meri jo bhi Galti hui hai use Comment karke zaroor btaye


5 Comments

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