History of zaheeruddin Muhammad Babar in hindi/Urdu

Zaheeroddin Mohammed babar


Zaheeroddin Mohammed baber Hindustan me Mughaliya Sultanat ke bani the. Inka naam Zaheeroddin Mohammed tha lekin maa inhe babar kahti thi jiska urdu me mtlb Sher (tiger) hota hai. Inki paidaish 14 feb 1483 ko andjan, Uzebekistan me hui. Inke walid Umer shaikh, Marza faghana (turkistan) kew hakim (governer) the. Inke walid ki nasal Ameer Taimur se thi to ike walida ki nasal Changez khan se thi. Isi tahab Baber ki rago me do bade fatehin ka khoon shamil tha.

Family Tree:

Taimur Shah
(Taimurid Sultanat ka Ameer)
     |
Badshah Miran Shah
     |
Sultan mohamed
     |
Sultan Abu Said
(Samarkand ke Badshah)
     |
Umar Shaikh mirza
     |
Babar

Khandani Malumat:

Inki Walida ka naam Qatlaq nigar khanam tha aur inhe ek bahen bhi thi jiska naam Khanzada begum tha. Inhone 5 shadi kiye kuch tariq me zyada shadiyon ka bhi zikr aata hai par hamare pass 5 biwiyon ki malumat hai. 

  1. Zainab Sultan Begum
  2. Bibi Mubaraka
  3. Ayesha Sultan Begum
  4. Masuma Sultan begum
  5. Mahim Begum

Ibtedai Zindagi:

Jab babar ki umer 12 saal kit hi jab inke walid ki wafat hogayi. Aur babar ko marza faghna ka hakim banaya gaya. Lekin apne chacha aur mamu ki sazishon ki vajah se vo hamesha bhagta daudta rahta. Akhirkar 1504 me inka ye dar hamesha ke liye khatam hogaya . inhe 1504 me balkh aur Kabul ka hukumran bana diya gaya.

Balkh aur Kabul ki governeri hasil kerne ke baad inhone hindustan par hamla karne ka socha. Uss waqt Delhi Sultanat par Sultan Ibrahim shah Lodhi ki Lodhi sultanat khayam thi. 

Pani pat ki pahli jung 1526:

Mughal badshah Zaheeruddin mohammed babar aur Hindustan ke sultan Ibrahim Lodhi ke bich 1526 me hui. Uss waqt babar ke pass sirf 12,000 ki fauj thi lekin Sultan Ibrahim lodhi ke pass 1lakh sipahi ki fauj thi. Kam fauj hone ke bavajud baber ne apne sipah giri ke fan aur Khud par bharosa rakhte hue pani pat ki jung ladi. lekin ise shikast hasil hui. 

Sultan Ibrahim Shah lodhi ek Shakki Badshah tha. vo apne fauj par yakin nahi karta tha. Jispr shak aata use mar dalta. Isi tarah uske hathon se bahot se khatal ho chuke the. Isse pareshan hokr Punjab ke hakim Daulat kahn lodhi ne Babar ko Hindustan par hamla karne ki dawat di. Aur use fauj sipahi aur zaroorat ke saman ki peshkash bhi ki.

Babar ne Fir Daulat khan lodhi Se fauj hasil karke Ibrahim lodhi par hamla kiya. Ibrahim lodhi ki fauj zyada der tak tik na saki aur Ibrahim lodhi mara gaya. Iss tarah pani pat ki jung me fatah hasil karne ke bad Zaheeruddin Mohammed baber ne Hindustan ki sir zameen par Apni Sultanat khayem ki iska naa Mughal Sultanat (Mughal Empire) rakha.


Delhi Me Istaqbal:

Pani pat ki jung me fatah hone ke baad Zaheeruddin Mohammed babar Hindustan ko aaye. Delhi sultanat ke mahel me unka istaqbal Ibrahim Lodhi ki maa aur biwi ne kiya. Kyu ke Babar ek muslim tha uski vajah se usne bade hi adab aur ahteram se Un dono se kaha ke aap bhi meri maa aur bhabhi hain.

Digar Fatuhat:

Delhi me Apni Sultanat khayem karne ke baad babar ne Apne mahekl me chalne wali sari Baghawaton ko kuchal diya. Iske baad Iss azeem fateh ko ek ke bad ek badi Fatuhat hasil hui inme Gawaliar, Hissar, Riyaste mewat, Bangal, Bihar jaise kayi Riyaston ko fatah karke apni sultanat me shamil kar liya. Ab delhi Sultanat par khabiz Mughaliya Sultanat Kabul se bangal tak aur Humalay se gawaliar tak thi. 

12 saal ki umar se lekr marte dum tak iss bahaddur badshah ke hath se kabhi talwar niche nahi hui. Babar Jungi salahiyat ke sath sath Khalam ke bhi badshah the. Babar ek achha munsif tha jisne apni khudki kitab likhi jiska naam tuzk babari. Iske alawa Babar shayri bhi kiya karta tha. Ye farsi aur turkish zabano me shayri kiya karta tha.

Wafat:

26 december 1530 ko aagra me unka inteqal hogaya. Inhe inki Wasiyat ke hisab se kabul me dafnaya gaya. Jab inka padpota Jahangir jab taqt nasheen hua to isne Babar ka maqbara banaya aur ise babar bagh naam diya. Inki wafat ke baad inke bete Nasiruddin Mohammed Humayu Mughal Sultanat ke agle Sultan bane.


             Thank you!

4 Comments

If you have any doubt, please let me know

Post a Comment

If you have any doubt, please let me know

Previous Post Next Post