Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi History in hindi/urdu.

History of Great mahmud ghaznavi


Sultan Mahmud gazhnavi ka pura name Yaminal-dawlah Abu Al-Qasim Mahmud tha. Inki paidaish 2november 971 ko Afghanistan ke shaher ghazni me hui. Inke walid aur ghaznavi Sultanat ke bani Ameer Sabktagin Alias Abu Mansur the. Sultan Mahmud gazhnavi ne 998-1030 tak Iran se lekr Hindustan ke Punjab,ubekistan ke Khwarzam, Blochistan aur Pakistan ke makran, tak hukumat ki.Sultan Mahmud gazhnavi ne sarijaha nami aurat se shadi ki unhe 2judwa bete the Mohammed ghaznavi aur Masud ghaznavi.

Sultan Mahmud gazhnavi Islami duniya ke aala sipah salaron me aur durvesh hukumrano me shamil hote hain. Sultan Mahmud gazhnavi isliye mashhur hue ke ye Hindustan me dkhil hone wale pahle musalman hukumran the. Jinhone Hindustan par pure 17 hamle kiye aur har jung me inhe kamyabi milti gayi. Jitni bhi Hindustan par Sultanat khayam hui agar Sultan Mahmud gazhnavi na hote to un sab ke liye na mumkin hota. Sultan Mahmud gazhnavi ne apni 32 sala hukumrani me kabhi shikast nahi khayi.Takriban 998 ko Sultan Mahmud gazhnavi apni walid ki wafat ke baad taqt nasheen hue.

Inke bare me bhi bahot si galat tariq aaj hame batayi jati hai ke unhoine Hindustan par sirf lootne ke liye hi 17 hamle kiye aur inhe ek lutere ki tarah bataya jata hai jabke ye sarasar galat baat hai Vo ek nek deendar shaks the jo ke apni sultanat ko jaha be legaye unhone hamesha Iman ka jazba dil me lekr hi junge ki.

Hindustan Par 17 Hamle:

Sultan Mahmud gazhnavi ke walid Sabktagin ne Hindustan par hamle ka kabhi socha hi nahi. Unhone sirf Asia ke center me hukumat karne ka faisla kiya tha. Uss waqt Hindustan jisme aajka Pakistan bhi shamil hai puri ek riyasat nahi tha yeh sekdon rajaon aur choti choti Riyaston me bata hua tha. Sabkagin ke daur me hi Peshawar ka raja jaipal ghaznavi sultanat ke ander ghus kar fitna machana shuru kiya, Vo bar bar hamle karke Sultanat ke sath ched chad kiya karta tha. Sabktagin ke inteqal ke bar jab Sultan Mahmud gazhnavi taqt nasheen hue jab ghaznavi sultanat bahot kamzor hochuki thi. Iska fayda uthate hue jaipal ne fir ek bar hamla kiya aur Jalalabad ko apni riyasat me jod diye aise hi jaipal hamle karke gazhnavi sultanat se tukde karke aoni riyasat me shamil karne laga.

Raja jaypal aur Raja bhatiya uss waqt Sultan Mahmud gazhnavi ki Sultanat ke liye taqlife badharahe the ise dekhte hue Sultan Mahmud gazhnavi jalal me aagaye. Sabse pahle inhone khiaber par hamla karke khaiber aur uske atraf ke tamam khilon ko fatah kar liya jo ke jaypal ki Riyasat ke hisse the. Ye Sultan Mahmud gazhnavi ka Hindustan par pahla hamla tha.

Uske 1saal ke baad Raja jaipal se Sultan Mahmud gazhnavi aamna samna hua. Jaypal ke pass lakhon sipahi aur hathi ghode ki fauj thi leki Sultan ke pass Sirf chand hazaron ka lashka tha. Lekin ussdin Allah ke fazlo karam se Sultan Mahmud gazhnavi ko fatah hasil hui aur Jaypal aur uske tamam bete giraftar karliye gaye par inhe chod diya gaya.

3rd aur 4th hamle multan par the waha muslim raja ki hi hukumat thi par vo deen se bhatke hone ki vajah se unhe shikast dekr naye rajao ko bithaya gaya.

Fir Sultan Mahmud gazhnavi ne kabhi Hindustan par hamla karna nahi socha tha par unki sarhad ko majbut karne ke liye unhone pahle 4hamle kiye lekin unhe Hindustan ka tukdon me bate hone ka mauka mila k evo use apni sultanat me shamil karle. uske baad unhone Hindustan me ander tak hamle karna shuru kiye jaise ke bannoj, Gawalior, delhi Ajmer Lahore jaise ilaqon me hamle karte karte unhone ek ke bad ek 17jungon me fatah hasil ki aur Hindustan me apni sultanat khayam ki.

Jungi Salahiyat:

Sultan Mahmud gazhnavi har hamle ke bad apne markaz Ghazni ko wapas aajate the. Sultan Mahmud gazhnavi ke jungi muhimat ke bare aapko batadun ke tariqe islam me nahi balke tarike insaniyat me vo sabse zyada jung ke liyeb safar karne wale pahle aur aakhri hukumran the. Inhone jung ke liye 80,000km se bhi zyda safar kiya hai.

Sultan Mahmud gazhnavi ki jungi salahiyat ki tarif jitni kare utni kam hai. Jab bhi vo bade hamla karte ekdum tezi ke sath jate dim me 30-40mile ka safar kiya karte the aur jung ke baad wahi tezi ke sath apne markaz Ghazni ko wapas aakr mahfuz hojate the. Aisi salahiyat puri duniya me kisi ke pass nahi thi.

Sultan Mahmud gazhnavi maidan jung me jitne sakkhti se pesh aaya karte the use kahi zyada apne naram dili aur rahemdili ke liye bhi mashur the. Ek dafah haj ko jane wale afrad ne unhe kaha ke hame haj ko jate waqt bahot taklif hoti hai aur hamari hifazat ka bhi masla hai to unhone unhe hifazati daste diye aur zaroorat ka tamam saman bhi faraham kiya.

Wafat:

Sultan Mahmud gazhnavi 30april 1030 ko 59saal ki umer me wafat pagaye. Unhe Afhganistan ke Ghazni me dafan kiya gaya.

Sultan Mahmud Gazhnavi Ke Mazar ka waqiya:

Sultan Mahmud gazhnavi  ki wafat ke takriban 900saal baad 1974 me ghazni me zor dar zalzala aaya to Sultan Mahmud gazhnavi ki khabar baith gayi. Usswaqt zahedshah marhum ki hukumat thi unhone khabar ko dobara banana ka hukum diya. To khabar khodi gayi to sab hairan hogaye the kyu ke unka kafan bhi maila nahi hua tha aur jism jaise ke taise halat me maujud tha.

Iss waqiye ko likhte hue mujhe ek sher yaad aaya.

Zameen maili nahi hoti,zaman maila nahi hota                                                                      Mohammed ke gulamo ka kafan maila nahi hota

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