History of Great Sultan Qutuboddin Aibak In Hindi/Urdu

Sultan Qutuboddin Aibak



Qutuboddin Aaibak ek barre sagir ke pahle Badshah the jisne Delhi ko darul hukumat banakar Delhi sultanat ki buniyad rakhi. Inki paidaish 1150 ko vasti ashia ke ilaqe me hui. Ye Gulamane khandan ke khandean se the jo ek turk khabila hai.

Gulam se Badshah banne ka safar: 

Tajir ne khrida:

Ek dafah ka zikar hai Ek tajir mandi me gaya Use waha ek turk bacha dikha use vo bacha bahotpasand aaya to unse use kharid liya. Vo bacha koi aur nahi Qutuboddin Aaibak the. Usne Qutuboddin Aaibak se pucha “tumhara naam kya hai” to usne jawab diya “mai khudka naam batakr apne naam ki tauheen nahi karsakta mai ek gulam hun aura ap mujhe jo naam se bulaoge vahi mera naam hoga”. Tajir itne chote bachhe ki hoshyari dekh kar us par khas tawajjo dete hue uski achi taleem va tarbiyat ki. Uss bachhe ne Talwar bazi, teer andazi, aur ghudsawari me aisa mahir hogaya ke sab log use dekhkr hairan hojate.

Mohammed Shahboddin Ghouri ne uss Tajir se Qutuboddin Aibak ko kharida:

Ghazni ke badshahmohammed shahboddin ghouri ek martaba ghodon ka muqabla dekh rahe the. Tajir apne gulam ko lekr Badshah ke pass pahunche aur unse kaha ke Mere iss gulam ko ghud sawari me koi nahi hara sakta. Badshah ne Qutuboddin Aaibak se bola ke tum kitna tez ghoda dauda sakte ho. To Qutuboddin Aaibak ne jawab diya ghode ko tez daudane se acha hai uspr khudka kabu chalaya jaye. Badshah ne unhe ghoda diya aur kaha jao ise kabhu karke batado. Qutuboddin Aaibak ghode par baith kaar chale gaye firv jab vo wsapas aaye to sab log hairan hogaye ghoda wapas khudke kadmo ke nishant par hi wapasa aaya. Sultan shahaboddin ghouri ne uss tajir se inew badi raqam dekr kharid liya.

Sultan  Mohammed Ghouri ko apni sagi aulad nahi thi isiliye vo apne gulamon ko apni aulad ke jaisa palta. Unki talim ka ahem intezam karta. Unme se jo bacha jis khabil hota us hisab se unko alag shoube me kaam ko lagadeta tha. Qutuboddin Aaibak ne bhi kayi muhimat par Badshah ka sath dekr apni bahaduri aur dileri ke zoher dikhaye.

Sultan Qutuboddin ki Pahli Subhedari:

Tarayen ki dusri jung me prithvi raj chavhan ke shi9kast ke baad. Sultan Shahboddin ghouri ne unhe unka nayab banakr Hindustan ke ilaqe me nabiz karke khud ghazni vchale gaye.1192 aur 1194 me Qutuboddin Aaibak ne buland shaher, Jhansi, mirath delhi aur banaras fatah kiye. 1197 aur 1199 me Gujrat aur ratanpur ke ilaqe fatah karke 1202 tak shumali Hindustan ka ek bada hissa apne sultanat me shamil kar liya.

Badshah ne apna beta banaya:

Jab sultan Shahaboddijn ne kannuj par hamla kiya to Qutuboddin Aaibak ne apni wafadari ka aisa silah diya ke Sultan Shahaboddin ghouri ne Qutuboddin Aaibak ko apna beta banaliya. 1206 ko Sultan Shahaboddin ghouri ki wafat ke baad unka bhatija sultan mahmum ghouri taqt nasheen hue. Kyuke sultan mohammed ghori ek durvesh the unhone apne sultanat ke do hisse kiye ek iran Afghanistan ke ilakhe jiska darul hukumat ghazni tha aur dusra Hindustan jiska darul hukumat Lahore tha. Ghazni ki sultanat par unhone Tajoddin yalduz aur Hindustan ke taqt par Qutuboddin Aaibak ko bithaya gaya.

Badshahat:

Sultan Qutuboddin Aaibak Lahor pahunche aur jabhi unhe taqt par bithakr tajposhi ki gayi. Iske baad unhone iss sultanat ka naam Mamluk Sultanat rakha.Sultan banne ke baad unhe junubi taraf se sultanat ko bahot khatra satra raha tha. Tajoddin yalduz Hindustan ko bhi apna hissa samjhta tha aur bar bar Hindustan par hamle karte raha. Is dauran Qutuboddin Aaibak ki Tajoddin se jung bhi karni padi aur usme sultan ko fatah bhi hasil hui. Tajoddinh se rishte mazbutr karne ke liye Qutuboddin Aaibak ne tajoddin ki beti se shadi Karli. Iss vajah se Unki sultanat badi taqat war ban thi.

Sultanat ki hifazat aur Sultan ki saqawat:

Sultanat ko vasi karne ke baad unhone har puri sultanat me jagah jagah sipahiyon ko tainat kiya. Bazron ki hifazat ke liye bhi subah sham sipahiyon ko pahredari ka zimma diya. Insaf va adal ke liye jagah jagah kaziyon ko mutaqib kiya. Unhone apne sultanat me gunah ke liye khatarnak sazayen mutqib kit hi jiski vajah se unki sultanat me aman khayam raha.

Qutuboddin Aaibak Shariyat ke paband hone ki vajah se vo zyada insaf pasand bhi the. Unhone apne sultanat par lage hue 1/5 ka lagan band karke 1/10 mtlb fasal ka 10wa hissa kardiya jiski vajah se vo awwam ki nazar me ek sachhe badshah ban kar ubhre.

Sultan ki insaf pasandi:

Sultan Qutuboddin Aaibak ek martaba shikar ko gaye unhe waha ek hiran dikhai diya unhone uspr tir chalaya to uss hiran ko vo tir nahi laga. Hiran ke piche ek naujawan ladka lakdiyan jama kar raha tha. Ye tir jakr us naujawan ladke ko laga. Tir lagne ki vajah me uski jagah par hi maut hui, uski janch karne par malum hua vo pas ke gaon me ek buzurg aurat ka ek lauta sahara tha jo lakdiyan chun kr becchta aur apna guzara karta tha. Sultan ne uss ladke ki maa ko sab batadiya fir uske baad khudko quazi ke hawale kar diya.

Quazi ne uske ladke ki maa ko bulaya aur kaha ke mai Sultan Qutuboddin Aaibak ko aapke hawale karta hun aap inhe jo chahe vo saza de den. Uss aurat ne kaha ke wallah mai aise Sultan ko koi saza nahi dena chahti jiske hath se glti hui vo sultan tha par zara bhi jhoot na bolte hue usne khudko aakr hamare hawale kar diya. Mai Sultan Qutuboddin Aaibak ko maaf karti hun aur yahi aaj se mere bete hain.

Muqaddam eke pura hone ke baad qazi ne kaha ke “Agar tum jhoot bolte aur sultan na hote to mai tumhe khud hi saza de deta” to uspr Qutuboddin Aaibak ne apna khanjar nikala aura kaha ke “Agar tu mere sath ek mujrim ki taraha pesh aane ki bajaye Badshah ke tarah pesh aata to yahi tera aaj is khanjar khatal kar deta”.

To doston isse ye pata chalta hai ke Sultan Qutuboddin Aaibak ek insaf pasand badshah the. Aagr unse bhi agar jane anjane me koi jurm ya gunah hota to vo bhi khudko itna hi gunehgar samjhte jitna koi aam aadmi gunahgar hota aur waisi hi saza ki talab rakhte the. Yakinan Badshah hukumrani karte hain par jab unse koi glti hoti hai to vo apni glti ko chupa diya karte hain par Muslim badshaho ne insaf v adal ke zariye hi 800 saal Hindustan par hukumat ki hai.

Daryadili:

Sultan Qutuboddin Aaibak apne darbar me aaye mangton ko kabhi khali hath nahi bhejte the. Tarikh me unhe lakh baksh hukumran bhi kaha karte the kyu ke unhone apne darbar me koi mangne aata use 1lakh se kam rupiya nahi diya. Jo bhi darbar me madad mangne aata vo lakh pati ban kar hi jata tha.

Wafat:

1December 1210 ko ghudswri karte waqt Sultan Qutuboddin Aaibak ghode se gir gaye jiski vajah se unhe mazid chot aai. Chot itni gahri thi ke unka ilaj nahi hoska jiski vajah se unki wafat hogayi. unhone kul 6saal tak hindustan par hukumat ki. Aaj ki tariq me unka maqbara Lahor, Pakistan ke anarkali bazar me aaj bhi maujud hai. Unki wafat ke baad Unke bete aaram shah taqt nasheen hue.


Fakhare mudber ne apni kitab ‘Adeeb al harab’ me jung ke aadab likhe the inhone apni kitab ko Qutuboddin Aaibak ko waqf kar di thi.

Qutub minar:

Qutuboddin Aibak ne hi qutub minar ki tamer karwayi thi. Inhone iski tameer 1193 me hi shuru kar di thi jab yeh delhi ke governer hua krte the. Lekin inke zere hayat ye tamer mukammil na hoski lekin inke damad iltumash ne iski tameer mukammal ki. Ye duniya ka sabse uncha minar hai jisme 310 se bhi Zayed sidhi hain ye aaj bhi delhi me waqay hai. Ispr quran ki aayat tahrir kiye hue hain aur degar farsi, Arabic aur urdu language me khaul bhi likhe hue hain. Waqt ke sath qutub minar kayi dafa tuta bhi par hukumranane waqt ne use firse tamir karaya.


Reference:

K. A. Nizami (1992).. A Comprehensive History of India: The Delhi Sultanat (A.D. 1206-1526.

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