History of Tipu sultan in Hindi/Urdu

Sher-e-Mysore Hazrat Tipu Sultan

Hazrath Tipu Sultan

Tipu Sultan ka pura naam Sultan Fateh Ali Bahaddur Sahab tha. Vo 20november 1750 ko Devanahalli(maujuda ye zilha Banglore ka muqam hai) me paida hue. Unke walid ka naam Sultan Haider ali ha aur unki walida ka naam Fatima Fhakrunnisa tha. Tipu Sultan ka naam Aarkat ke buzrugane deen Hazrath tepu mastan auliya k naam par rakha gaya hai.

 Inhe 15 saal ki umer me jungon par jane ki ijazat mil gayi thi. Tipu Sultan ko apne walid Hyder Ali ka dayan hath samjha jata tha. Tipu Sultan eki nek, Deendar, aur sachhe Musalman the. 

Hukumran hone ke bavajud vo ek aam aadmi ki zindagi basar kiya karte the. Vo har waqt bavazu rahte aur quran ki tilwat rozana kiya karte the. 

Har farman ka aagaz Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-rahim se kiya karte the. Vo 5waqta namaz ke sath sath tahajjud guzar shaks the.Inke bare me azeem waqiye bayan kiya jata hai ke Tipu sultan ne hathon se sher ka jabda phad diya tha isi se unki dileri kandaza lagaya jasakta hai.

Badshahat:

Apne walid Sultan Hyder ali ki wafat ke baad 10 december 1782 ko Tipu Sultan ko Mysore ka Badshah banaya gaya.Unhone apne walid ki tarh apni sultanat aur Sultanat ke logon ki hifazat aur unke liye kam kiya. 

Ek rivayat se ye b mana jata hai ke Tipu Sultan ne apni sultanat ki tamam aawam ko mukhtalif talimat dekr unhe naye naye karobar kholne b madad ki.

Unhone apni puri zindagi angrezon se ladne aur Hindustan se dur rakhne ki jaddojahad me basar ki. Angrez jante the ki Tipu Sultan par fatah hasil kiye bagair hum Hindustan par khabza nahi kar sakte aur unke liye ye b namumkin tha ke jung kiye bagair shere mysore Tipu Sultan ko shikast nahi de sakte.

Anglo ke jung:

Anglo ki pure 4 jung ladi gayi aur 4ron me Tipu Sultan ko fatah hasil hui. Ye Tipu Sultan ki pahli jung thi ye jung unhe apne walid se wirse me mili thi. Jab angrezon ne mysore par hamla kar diya tha . 

Ye wahi jung thi jiske dauran hi Haider ali ki shahadat hui thi. Walid ki wafat aur dushmano ke hamle se Tipu Sultan ki jagah koi aur hota to jabich mysore angrezon ke hath lag chuka hota. 

Tipu Sultan apni bahaduuri se taqat nashin hue aur ek ke bad ek jungon me angrezon ko shikast di aur inhone angrezon ko banglore ke khile me hattyar dalne par majbur kiya. Pure Hindustan me aisi zillat amez shikast kisi ne nahi di.

Is fatah ke baad Tipu Sultan to Hindustan k logon ki nazron me hero bangaye the lekin bartanvi hukumat me Tipu Sultan ka khauf badhne laga. Angrezon ko pata chal gaya ke agar Hindustan per hukumat barkharar rakhna hai to Tipu Sultan ko jung me shikast deni hogi iske liye unhone sazishon ke jaal bichana shuru kiye.

Angrezon ki sazish aur Sultanat ke gaddar:

Angrezo ki shajishon me Tipu sultan ki ek kamjori ka unhone bahot fayda utha. Tipu Sultan ne apne darbariyon me kuch naye log nafiz kiye jiski vajah se puranae darbari bura mangaye. 

Is baat ka fayda uthate hue angrezon ne Mir sadiq jiski haisiyat wazire azam ke bararber ki thi aur quniya & qamroddin jaise wazir ko angrezon ne unhe kharid kar apna wafadar bana diya. Jiski vajah se Tipu Sultan ke mahel ke tamam raaz aur unki kamzoriyan angrezon tak pahuch rahi thi.

Hindustan ke naye governer Lord carnvals ko banaya gaya usme dushman ko jung me nahi balke uske ghar me harane ki quwwat thi. Usne gaddar kharidne ke liye sayyed imam ko jasus banakr gaddaronn ko kharidne ke liye mysore bheja. 

Pr iski sazish pakdi gayi aur Tipu Sultan ne ise sazaye maut dedi. Iske baad bhi gaddari ruki nahi gaddar musalsil badhte rahe. Lekin governor ab gusse me aakr banglore par hamla kardiya aur fatah kar liya. 

Iske Tepu sultan ne uspr hamla kardiya lekin yaha b gaddaron ki vajah se governer bach nikla. Iske governer ne nizam aur marathon k sath mysore par hamla kardiya jiski vajah se tepu sultan ko sulah ka muayedha karna pada ye unke liye ek bahot dardnak din tha.


Iss shikast ke  bad Tipu Sultan ke dilo dimag me bas ek hi mansuba chalta ke Angrezon ko shikast dena. Unhone iske liye ek masnavi ghadi banai jism ek Sher angrez afsar k gale pr kat raha tha.Ye ghadi aaj bhi London ke museum me mahfuz hai.

Iss duran east india company ne lord cornival ko wapas bulakar uski jagah lord vezzly ko Hindustan bheja gaya.Vo bartaniya ke presdent ka dost tha. Vo Tipu Sultan ko shikast dene ke liye hi Hindustan aaya hua tha. Lord vezzly ne bahot se  vaziron aur taqriban tamam mysor ke qilon ke commandaron ko apne taraf karliya jiski vajah se Tepu sultan ki taqat bahot kam hui.

Aakhri jung:

Tipu sultan ne is gaddari ke chalet siranga patnam me ba hifazat rahne lage. April 1799 me Angrezon ne sirnagapatnam ka muhasra kardiya. 22april ko journal hariss ne khile par gola wari shuri kardi. 

Angrezon ne gaddaron ki batai hui kamzor deewar pahla hamla karke khile me dakhil hogaye. Aur qurniya ne khile ke muhafiz fauj ko tanqawa dene ke bahane fauj ko waha se hata diya. 

Uss waqt tepu sultan ke samne khana rakha hua tha abhi ek luqma hi uthaya tha ke unhe sayyed gaffar ki maut ki khabar mili to unhone apni talwar uthai aur jung ke liye nikal pade.

Uss waqt mir sadiuq ne unhe rokne ki koshish ki to unhone kaha ke sher ki ek din ki zindagi geedad ke sao sala zindagi se bather hai.iss mauqe par ek mujahid mir sadiq ki sachhai jante hue uska sir tan se juda kardiya. 

Sultan aakhri sans tak jung karte rahe ye jab shadid zhakmi hue to ek lalchi angrez afser ne inke kamar par lagi hui hero ki thaili nikalne ke liye aage badha to unhone uski tand kat di.

Jiske badle me Tipu Sultan par firing ki gayi. 05may 1799 Ye hindusta ka vo shiya din tha jab Sher-e-mahsur Tipu sultan shahid hue. 

Tipu Sultan ki wafat ke baad unhe banglore aur mysore ke kharib Srirangapatna me dafan kiya gaya aur khud angrezon ne unhe 49 tohfo ki salami di.

 Unki shahadat ke 8ghante tak Angrez unko hath lagane ki himmat na kar sake. Tipu sultan ke shahadat ke baad Angrezon ne kaha ke “ab Hindustan hamara hai”.Governer vezzley ne kaha ke ye meri zindagi ka sabse acha mujahid tha. England me aaj bhi kayi jagah unke takniko ka istemal kiya jata hai aur hindusat ke pahle missile man bhi the.

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