Bahadur Shah zafar | End of mughal Sultanat | history in hindi/Urdu

Mughal Sultanat:

Humne pichle kayi post me humne Mughal Sultanat ke 3 part me takriban 19 badshahon ka zikar kara Hai. Uski list mai niche de dunga. Aaj ki iss post me hum Mughal sultanat ka khatma aur Mughal Badshah Bahadur shah zafar ki tariq bayan karunga.

hamare pichle mughal sultanat ke history ke parts bhi padhe

Mughal Empire history part 1

Mughal Empire history part 2

Mughal Empire history part 3

Bahadur shah Zafar:

pic of Bahadur shah Zafar
Bahadur shah Zafar

Abul Muzaffar Sirajuddin Muhammad bahadur shah gazi ki paidaish 24 october 1775 ko dehli me hui. Ye akbere sani aur Lal bai ka dusra beta tha. Bahadur Shah Zafar Mughal Sultanat ka aakhri Badshah aur Urdu ka ek mashhur shayer tha.

1837 ko Akber sani ki wafat ke baad Bahadur Shah Zafar ki Taqt nashini ki gayi. Ye vo daur tha jaha Angrezon ne Hindustan par pura khabza jama liya tha.

Pahle junge aazadi:

Hindustan ko angrezon se aazad karane ki pahli junge aazadi ki 2 vajah thi. Ek to angrez har jagah khabiz ho rahe the aur angrezon ne apni fauj me kayi Hindutani Sipahiyon ko rakha hua tha. In sipahiyon ko Kartus diye jate the.

Aam taur par ye kartus Gaye aur Suwwar (Cow and pig) ke charbi se lase hote the. Iski vajah se Hindu aur Musalman Sipahi ise mana karne se inkar kiya. Ky uke dono hi dharam ke khilaf thi vo kartus. Uske baad 9 may 1857 ko mirath me ye charbi wale kartus istemal karne se mana kar diya.

Do sipahi Mangal pande aur Ishwari pande ne Angrezon par hamla kar diya. Lekin mangal pande ko giraftar karke phansi ki saza sunayi gayi. Aur dusre Sipahiyon ko baghawat ke jurm me khaid krke 10 saal ki jail ki saza sunayi gayi.

Pahle junge Aazadi me Bahaddur shah ka kirdar:

Iske baad Hindustani sipahiyon ne Angrezon pr hamla karke unhe aazad kara liya. Aur sidha bahadur shah Zafar ke pass dehli aa pahunche. Bahadur Shah Zafar ne unhe apne pass pana di. Hindustan ki pahli junge aazadi me Bahadur Shah Zafar ka ek ahem kirdar dekhne ko mila.

Bahadur shah zafar ke daur me unki hukumat sirf dehli tak hi mahdud thi. Lekin iske alawa angrezon ko Hindustan se bhagane ke liye Bahadur shah zafar ne jitna ho ske apni taqat lagadi pahli junge aazadi me. Bahadur Shah Zafar ka Khazana waise to khali tha lekin inki watan se mohabbat ke chalte inhone Junge aazadi me hissa le liya.

1757 ko jub aapasi dushmani khatam kar Maratha, Rajput aur Mughal ek hue to inhone Firse Hindustan ka Badshah Bahadur Shah Zafar ko banadiya. Ye dosti ek tarah se taqatwar sabit hui jiski vajah se bahadur shah ne pure Hindustan par uski hukumat ka elan kar diya.

Hindustan ki pahli junge aazadi me Bahadur Shah Zafar ko sarbarah banaya gaya jiske baad unhone angrezon ke khilaf baghawat kardi. Lekin mahel me gaddaron ki vajah se bahadur shah zafar jitney wali ladaiyan bhi har jate the.

Bahaddur Shah Zafar ki giraftari:

Bahadur shah Zafar
Bahadur shah Zafar

Ab Badshah puri tarah se kamzor hochuka tha. Unke sipah salar ne dehli chod kar jane ki baat ki lekin. Badshah ko watan se itna lagao tha ke unhone dehli ko chodne se inkar kar diya aur Humayun ke maqbare me pana le li.

Lekin Hakim ahsanullah ne Badshah ka thikana angrezon ko bataya aur angrezon ne Bahadur Shah Zafar ko giraftar kar liya.  

Bahadur shah par muqadma:

Bahadur shah zafar ke Junge aazadi me shamil hone ki vajah se Angrezon ne Bahadur Shah Zafar par muqdamma darj kiya. Pahle ek Comission bithayi gayi jiska naam Yurupian Fauji commission bithayi gayi.

Bahadur Shah Zafar par muqadma dehli ke deewane khas me shuru hua. Inki muqalifat me sarkari vakil Major f.j Herrot tha aur is commission ka jugde Jouneral lieutenant tha. Subah 11 bje Bahadur Shah Zafar par muqadma shuru hua. Inpr 3 ilzam lagaye gaye.

  • ·        Bahadur Shah Zafar ne angrezon se wazifa hasil karte hue bhi bagiyon ko apne mahel me panah di.
  • ·        Bahadur Shah Zafar ne jaan bujh kar Hindustan ki awwam ko Jung ke liye tayyar kar liya. Jiske natije me Pahli junge aazadi ki shuruwat hui.
  • ·        Yuropian awwam ka khatle aam ka bhi ilzam laga.

Iss tarah 82 saal ke Badshah ko takriban 1:30hr ke liye kathgare me tahraya gaya. Sarkari vakil ne upper ke 3baton par muqadamma chalate hue kaha ke mujrim ko saza sunayi jaye.

Takriban 2 mahine muqadmma chalta raha. Iske baad Bahadur Shah Zafar ko qaumi mujrim tahra kar Unhe Rangoon bhej diya gaya gaya.

Bahadur shah zafar
Bahadur shah zafar's pic in Rangoon

1857 me Bahadur Shah ko saza hone ke baad Angrez major hadson ne Hindustan ke liye 2 jumle kahe

  • ·        Dum dame me hai hum nahin,Ab khair mango jaan ki
  • ·        Aye zafar! Thandi hui ab tegh Hindustan ki

Iska jawab dete hue zafar ne Hindustan ki aawam ki taraf se jawab diya.

  • ·        Gazhiyon me bo rahegi jab talak iman ki
  • ·        Taqt londen tak chalegi tegh Hindustan ki

Badshah ko rangun (yangun, Miyanmar) me bheja gaya. Captain David nelson Rangoon ka incharge tha. Captain nelson Bahadur Shah Zafar jo 82 saal ka ek bebas aur lachar Badshah tha. Use jail me na rakhte hue use apne ghar ke garage me khaid kar liya.

Wafat (Death of Bahadur shah zafar):

Bahadur Shah Zafars Tomb
Bahadur Shah Zafars Tomb

Wahin usi garage me hi 7 november 1862 ko unki wafat hogayi. Unki wafat ke waqt waha unka pota aur unke ustad hafiz Ibrahim dahlvi maujud the. Jaise taise unhe gusul diya gaya. Lekin pure Rangoon me unhe dafan karne ke liye jagah nahi mili.

Captain ne sarkari zameen me dafnane ke liye ijazat di. Hafiz mohammad Ibrahim dehlvi ko Badshah ke vo tajposhi wala din yaad aagaya. Unhone ne Badshah ke khabar par thair kar rote hue surah tauba ki tilawat kar di.

Iss manzer ko dekh kar captain nelson ke aakhon me aansu aage jiski vajah se usne khabar par salute kar diya. Isi sulute ke sath hi Mughal Sultanat ka khatama hogaya.

Bahadur Shah Zafar ke haqayaq (Facts about Bahadur Shah Zafar)

  • Bahadur Shah Zafar Hindustan ke Mughal sultanat ke 20we aur aakhri Badshah the.

  • Agar junge aazadi me bahadur shah hissa nahi lete to shayed Junge aazadi shuru hi na hui hoti.

  • Hindustan se angrezon ko bhagane ke jazbe ne inhe apne dushmano se bhi dosti karne par majbur kar diya.

  • Bahadur Shah agar junge aazadi shuru na karte to shayed Hindustan ko aazadi thoda der se milti.

  • Badshah hpone ke sath vo ekl ache shayer the.

  • Unhone shayeri mirza galib se sikhi thi.

  • Badshah ne shuru ki hui junge aazadi ke 90 saal ke baad Hindustan ko aazadi mili.

Ye bahadur shah zafar ki tariq par humne muqtasar likha aaiye kuch ahem baten bayan karte hain.

Flag of Mughal Empire

  • Mughal Sultanat ne Hindustan par 1526-1857 tak takriban 331 saal hukumat ki.

  • Babar se AurangzebRahmatullah alaih ke daure hukumat tak Mughal sultanate k kafi taqtwar ban kar samne aayi.

  • Uske baad apne bhaiyyon aur darbar ke gaddaron ki vajah se Mughal sultanat kamzor hoti gayi.

  • Mughal sultanat itni kamzor hui ke fir sambhal na saki.

  • Mughal sultanat ki barbadi ka ek sabab ye bhi hai ke kuch Badshah ne ayyashi me Sultanat ka haal dekhna bhi chod diya tha.

  • Aakhri waqt me shah Alam II, Akber 2 aur Bahadur Shah Zafar jaise ache bhi Badshah guzre par inke pass sultanat hi baki na rahi.

  • Mughal Sultanat Duniya ki 3ri badi Sultanat me se ek hai.

To doston aaj ke iss post me humne Mughal sultanat ka khatma kaise hua iski puri detail ke sath malumat bayan ki hai.

Hum har 2 din me kisi ek Muslim Badshah aur Muslim sultanat ke bare me post late rahte hain. Agar humse likhne me kuch glti hogayi ho to baraye maherbani comment karke zaroor batade.

Shukriya!

7 Comments

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