History of Razia Sultana in hindi/Urdu

Razia Sultana- The first and last muslim female Ruler

history of razia Sultana, Which ruled on dehli sultanat from 1236 to 1240 for four year.

Waise Hindustan ki tariq me kayi muslim Badshah guzre hain. Lekin Hindustan ki sir zameen par Delhi sultanat ki sirf ek aurat ne hukumat ki jise Tariq aaj Razia sultana ke naam se janti hai. To doston aaj ke iss post me hum Razia sultana ki history detail me janenge.

Razia Sultana ka asal naam Raziyaldin tha jo Mamluk Sultanat ke tisre Badshah iltumish ki beti thi. Unki paidaish 15 october 1240 me khaithal (Maujuda Hindustan ki Haryana riyasat ka ek zilha) me hui. Unki walida ka naam Turkain Khatun tha.

Razia Sultana ki Ibtedai Zindagi:

Waise Badshah Iltumish ko 4 bachhe the lekin Razia Sultana unhe sabse aziz thi kyu k evo ek hi beti thi. Jab Badshah Iltumish dehli ke taqt par baithe jab Razia Sultana ki umer sirf 5 baras thi.

Pasandida aulad hone ki vajah se Badshah unhe darbar me aur dartbar ke faisle sunate waqt hamesha sath rakha karte the.

Taleem:

Badshah Iltumish ne Razia sultana ki deeni taleem ke sath sath ek achi taleem, Ghudsawari, Teerandazi aur tawar bazi ki bhi achi taleem karayi.

Iske alawa Razia Sultana ne bahot kam umri me shariyat par amal karte hue parde ka ahtemam bhi karna shuru kar diya. Iltumash ke sabhi bete na ahel aur na kara the.

Iss vajah se Badshah iltumish ne Apna ja nasheen Razia Sultana ko banaya. Jiski vajah se tamam sultanat me khjalbali mach gayi k eek khatun Hindustan ki hukumran kaise ban sakti hai.

Lekin Razia Sultana me dileri aur acha dimag tha. Kyu ke vo ek ache Badshah ki beti hone ke sath sath Hindustan ke ek azeem Badshah Qutubuddin Aibak ki nawasi bhi thi.

Bhai ki Na ahli:

Badshah Iltumish ki wafat ke baad Unke baat par amal na karte hue Ruknuddin firuz ne taqt par zaberdasti khabza kar liya. Ab Razia sultana Akeli hogayi thi.

Sabko laga ab Razia sultana ek aurat hain to ro dho kr chup ho jayenge aur apne bhai ko Sultanat chalane denge. Lekin khismat ko kuch aur hi manzur tha. Ruknuddin Firuz awwam me nahel aur nakara Badshah sabit hua.

Use awwam sahi nahi dekhti thi, Isi ka fayda uthate hue Razia ne dehli ke logon ki madad se Firuz par hamla kar ke Ruknuddin Firuz aur uski maa (Jo Razia Sultana ki saunteli maa thi) un dono ko khatal kar diya.

Taqt Nasheen:

real pic of razia Sultanat

1236 me bhai ko shikast dekr khatal kardiya fir Khud dehli ki taqt par Mamluk Sultanat ke panchwe hukumran ban kar baithi.

Razia Sultana ek Hoshyar Hukumran hone ki vajah se unhone bahot kam waqt me apne awwam ka dil jeet liya. Apne nana aur walid ki tarah logon ke dilon me rah kr sultanat ka kam kiya karte the.

Lekin Awwam ke pasandida hone ke bawajud Razia sultana ke khilaf kayi baghawat hone lage. Kuch logon ne Sirf isi vajah se baghawat kar di thi kyu ke raziya sultanat ek aurat thi.

Waise Razia Sultana dikhne me bahot khubsurat the unhe duniya bhar ke hakim aur shahzadon ke rishte aaya karte the.

Baghawaten:

Lekin Bhatinda ka hakim ko Razia se mohabbat kuch zyada hi hogayi thi. Lekin Razia sultana Habshi gulamane khandan ke Jamaluddin arif yaqut par thi aur vo unse shadi karna chahti thi.

Bhatinda ka hakim Malik altuniya ko ye baat jab pata chali to usne Raziya sultana par hamla karne ka mansuba banaya. Usne apne kharibi sathi aur dost lahore ke hakim  Malik al azizuddin ko jung me uska sath dene ke liye dawat di.

Malik Al azizuddin ne dawat khabul karte hue Malik al tuniya ke sath milkr Dehli par hamla karne ka mansuba banaya. Inka sath dehli me Razia Sultana ka sauntela bhai Muizioddin Bahram bhi sath tha.

mamluk Dynasty

Razia aur Altuniya ke bich jung:

Razia sultana ko jab iss baat ka ilm hua Jamaluddin yaqub aur apni fauj ko lekr Malik Altuniya se jung kwe liye chal padi. Lekin bich me bagiyon ne un pr hamla kar diya ye wahi log the jo aurat ke hukumran hone par aitraz kiya karte the.

Iske baad Al Azizuddin aur malik Altuniya ne unpr hamla kar diya jiske natije me Razia sultana ko shikast hui aur Jamaluddin yaqub ko wahi mar diya gaya.

Jung ke aakhir me ye tay hua tha ke Razia sultana ko mar diya jaye lekin Malik altuniya Razia sultana ke mohabbat me giraftar ho chuka tha. Usne Razia sultana ko shadi karne ke liye kaha aur kaha “agar tum shadi ke liye man jati ho to mai sazaye maut ko maaf kar dunga”.

Razia aur Altuniya ki shadi:

Thoda sochne ka baad Razia sultana dil hi dil me kaha “agar mai man jati hun to iski vajah se mai apna taqt firse hasil kar sakti hun” iss vajah se Razia Sultana ne shadi ke liye ha kar diya.

Razia Sultana aur Altuniya ki shadi hui. Shadi ke kuch hi maah baad Razia sultana ne Altuniya ko ahsas dilaya ke wahi dehli ke asal sultan hona chahiye. Kyu ke Altuniya ki vo chaheti biwi thi Iss liye Altuniya man bhi gaya.

Delhi par pahla Hamla:

Altuniya aur Razia ne mansuba banaya k evo dehli par hamla karenge. Altuniya atraf ke zameendaron aur subhedaron ko jama kar ke unko sath dene ke liye kiya.

Ek a‘ala darje ki fauj bana kar Altuniya aur Razia Muizoddin Bahram ke khilaf jung ke liye nikal pade. Muizoddin Bahram ne apne bahnoi ejazoddin balban ko Razia sultana se jung ke liye bhej diya.

Dono fauj me bahot dino tak jung chalti rahi. Lekin iska natija Razia ke haq me nahi aaya. Inhe shikast hui thi. Lekin dono miya biwi bhagne me farar hogaye the.

Delhi par dusra Hamla:

Dono bach kar Bhatinda wapas aagaye, Iss shikast ke baad Razia sultana gumsum rahne lagi. Lekin Malik altuniya ne inki Himmat afzai karte hue kaha ke hum firse koshish karenge.

Malik Altuniya ne Firse dehli par hamla karne ka mansuba banaya. Firse dono jung ke liye nikal pade par iss bar bhi khismat ne inka sath na diya lekin vo bach kar bhagne me kamyab hogaye.

Wafat:

Dono farar hone ke baad kayi ghanton tak ghudsawari karte hue laut rahe the. Unke piche sipahi aarahe the lekin vo farar hone me kamyab hogaye lekin baadme unka kuch pat ana chala. 14 october 1240 ko Sipahi muhasra kar rahe the to inhe Razia Sultana aur Malik Altuniya ki lash mili.

Razia sultana ka maqbara (Tomb of razia Sultana)

Tomb of razia Sultana

Sipahiyon ne lash ko dehli laya aur unhe Turkmani darwaze ke kharib Bulbul khane me dafan karke maqbara banaya jise aaj raji siji ki dargah ke naam se jana jata hai.


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