Orhan Ghazi | Ottoman Empire | History in Hindi/Urdu

Orhan Ghazi (Orkhan Ghazi)

Orhan ghazi the secon Sultan of Ottoman Empire

Doston! Pichle kayi poston me humne Osman Ghazi, Ertugrul Ghazi aur Dirilis ErtugrulDrama vs reality ke bare me mukammal tariq aur sachhai bayan ki hai. Aaj ke iss post me hum Osman ke bete Orhan Ghazi ki tariq bayan karenge.

Ibtedai Zindagi:

Orhan ki paidaish 1281 me Turky ke muqam Sogut me hui. Inki walida ka naam Malhun Khatun tha. Inka ka naam unke dada Ertugrul ne rakha tha. Inhe Sultanate Osmania ka asal bani kaha jata hai. Kyu lke inhone hi sultanat ko apne walid ka naam dekr ise Sultanate Osmania naam diya.

Inhone kul 4 shadiyan kiye Asporca khatun, Nilufer khatun, Theodora Khatun, Eftandise Khatun jinse unhe 9 Aulad paida hue.

  • Sultan Murad Awwal
  • Suleyman Pasha
  • Shazade Ibrahim
  • Shazade Khalil
  • Shazade Qasim
  • Shazade Ayub
  • Shazade Sultan
  • Fatema Khatun
  • Hatice Khatun

Bachpan se hi Osman Ghazi ne unki parwarish baho tachi ki hui thi. Unhone aa’la Taleem misar se hasil ki hui thi. Iske alawa Teer andazi, Ghudsawari aur Talwar bazi Orhan ne Apne walid se aur Noorgul Ghazi se sikhi thi.

(Note: Orhan ko Urdu me Orkhan ghazi likhte hain, Turkish ke hisab se k Silent rakhta)

1301 me Orhan Ghazi ko Osman ghazi ne Ottoman Empire k eek chote ilaqe Nakihir ka hakim banaya. Iss waqt unki Age sirf 20 saal thi. Lekin 1309 me unhe wapas Sogut apne shaher me bulaya gaya.

Taqt Nasheen:

Osman Ghazi ki wafat ke baad 1323 me Orhan Ghazi ko taqt par bithaya gaya. Osman ghazi ne apna Wali ahed Apne bade bete Alauddin Pasha ko banaya tha. Lekin Deene islam ke kamo me unhone Sultan banne se Inkar kardiya.

Iske alawa Orhan ne Alauddin Pasha ko yaha tak bhi kaha ke hum Hukumat takseem kar lete hain. Lekin Alauddin pasha ne Sakht Inkar kar diya. Iske baad Alauddin Pasha ko Sultanate Osmaniya ke pahle wazeer banaya gaya.

 Iske alawa Unhone bhi apne walid ki tarah Sultan ka laqab na lete hue Ameer ka laqab liya. Iss vajah se unhe Sultana nahi Orhan Ghazi kahte hain.

Osmani Univesity Ki Iftetah:

Hukumat aur Fatuhat me unhone apne Walid aur dada ke policy apnayi. Inhone 1326 me Nequmediya Fatah kiya jiska aaj maujuda naam Azmeat hai.

Azmeat ko fatah karne ke baad Orhan ne yaha Pahli Osmaniya University banai. Aur Daud Khaisri ko yaha ka principle muqarar kiya. Daud Khaisri Osmani ulamon me badi shohrat rakhte the.

Inhe Rasul Allah sallalahu Alaihi Sallam ki Basharat ko pura karna tha, Jo Aap Sallalahu Alaihi Sallam ne Qustuntuniya ke baare me kaha tha.

Tanqawah Dar Fauj ki Iftetah:

Orhan ghazi se pahle fauj nahi hua karti thi. Jab bhi zaroorat hoti jisko Jung me shareek hona rahta vo aakr mil jata aur iske alawa unhe koi tanqawah nahi thi jo bhi jung ki fatah ke baad hasil hota use sabme braber ka taqserem kar diya karte the.

Lekin Orhan ke bhai Alauddin Pasha ne Unhe hukum diya ke vo ek tanqawqah dar fauj banayen. Jisme unhone pahle 1000 sipahi ki ek fauj banaye jiske naam Pyade rakha. Iss fauj ka naam yani cheri (Nayi Fauj) rakha gaya.

Fatuhat:

1326 me inhone nikomedia ko fatah karke uspr khabza kar liya. Chnd saal pahle hi Osman Ghazi ke waqt me hi barosa fatah hua tha. Ab bazantini Sultanat ke paas sirf do bade shaher bache the Qustuntuniya aur nyciya.

Ab Orhan ki nazar nyciya par thi, Inhone 1228 me Nycia ka muhasera kar liya. Jiske baad 1230 me Nyciya fatah hua aur use Osmaniya Sultanat me mil aliya gaya. Ab osmaniya sultanat aur bhi zyada Taqtwar ho chuki thi.

Orhan Ghazi ne nyciya ke logon se baat ki aur kaha k evo apna maal v Daulat lekr dusre shaher ko hijrat kar sakte hain. Lekin Orhan ki insaf pasandi aur sakhawat ko dekhte hue waha ke log bhi kaseer tadad me islam khabul karne lage.

Kiracy Par Hamla:

1333 turki Riyasat ke kiracy ke ameer ka inteqal hua. Uske inteqal ke baad uska bada beta taqt par baith gaya. Uski na ahli ko dekhte hue uske chote bhai ne use baghawat kar li. Usne apne chote bhai ko khatal kara diya.

Orhan Chote bhai ke haq me tha iss liye orhan ne Kiracy par hamla kar diya. Hamla me Osmani fauj ko badi fatah hasil hui aur Ameer ka bada beta khatal kar diya gaya. Jiske baad karacy ka Ilaqa bhi Osmaniya Sultanat me mil gaya.

In sabhi fatuhat ke baad kabhi takreeban 20 saal tak jung ka koi khatra na raha. 20 saal tak Sultanat me amno Aman khayam raha.

Yurup me Osmaniya Sultanat ki tashkil:

Ab orhan ghazi ne yurup ki taraf apne bete ko bheja, Wahab hi Suleman Pasha ne waha bhi ek ke baad ek fatah hasil kiye. Fatah hone ke baad waha Arab aur Turkish logon ko basana shuru kar diya.

Ab bazantini Sultanat Din ba din kamzor ho rahi thi, Aur upper se osmani Fauj waqfa dar waqfa Unpr hamala kar ke fatuhat Hasil kar rahi thi. Lekin ab bazantini Sultanat kar bhi kya sakti thi.

Suleman Pasha ki Wafat:

1358 me Suleman pasha shikar khelte hue ghode se gir gaye, aur wahi unki wafat hui. Orhan ghazi ko iss baat ka sadma laga kyu ke Suleman Pasha Fanune Sipah giri ka mahir tha aur wali Ahed bhi wahi tha.

Wafat:

tomb
Bursa, Turkey

Iss sadme ko bardasht na karte hue Orhan Ghazi ka 1359 me wafat hui. Inhe shaher bursa me dafan kiya gaya. inhone pure Aisiayi Kuch ko fatah karne ke sath sath yurup me bhi apni sultanat ko fhailane ka kam kiya.

Inki wafat ke baad inka dusra beta Sultan Murad I ko taqt nasheen kar diya gaya.  

To doston ye thi tateeq Ottoman Empire ke dusre Sultan Orhan Ghazi ki. Agar humse likhne me kuch glti hogayi ho to braye maherbani hame maaf kar den aur hamari glti ko comment karke zaroor batayen.

Hum bila takheer glti sudharne ki koshish karenge. Aur hamare liye kisi Badshah ki History ke bare me koi suggestiobn ho to comment karke zaroor batayen.

Shukriy!

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